“Attestato di Prestazione Energetica”, or Energy Performance Certificate (APE)
The Attestato di Prestazione Energetica, namely “Energy Performance Certificate” (APE) is the document that describes the energy characteristics of a building, a house or an apartment. It is a control tool that summarizes the energy performance of buildings with a scale from A4 to G (10-letter scale). The APE is mandatory to sell or rent out a property. The Energy Performance Certificate (APE) should not be confused with the Energy Qualification Certificate (AQE).
When drafting an Attestato di Prestazione Energetica (APE) is mandatory?
The Energy Performance Certificate (APE) is required since 1 July 2009 for property sales and since 1 July 2010 in case of leases. Since January 2012, the energy performance index (value in kWh / sqm per year) must be included in the real estate advertisements. In addition, the APE is among the documents useful for obtaining the Certificate of Habitability of a property.
The validity of an Energy Performance Certificate (APE) is, in most cases, 10 years. In order to maintain the validity of the Attestato di Prestazione Energetica, the boiler controls required by the Italian law must be guaranteed.
Who drafts the Attestato di Prestazione Energetica, or “Energy Performance Certificate” (APE) ?
The APE is drawn up by a qualified professional called “certificatore energetico” who has specific skills in the field of energy efficiency applied to buildings. The Italian regional administrations have the authority to train, supervise and assign said qualification to professionals. About half of the Italian regions have not adopted their own regulations yet, in such a case, the national Law (Legislative Decree 192/05) applies.
The certificatore energetico is usually a technical expert authorised to draw building and system designs, such as an architect, an engineer and a surveyor. The certificatore energetico can be considered a new profession and has very important civil and criminal responsibilities.
How is an Attestato di Prestazione Energetica (APE) drafted?
With the support of a specific software, an energy analysis of the property is carried out using:
- the characteristics of the walls and frames (doors and windows)
- the geometric characteristics of the property
- the hot water production
- the house spaces cooling and heating system
- the type of energy system
- the renewable energy production systems (if any)
After all the needed calculations, the certificatore energetico issues the Energy Performance Certificate (APE) which summarises the energy characteristics of the property. The APE must be kept with the boiler manual and delivered to the new owner or tenant.
The certificatore energetico must submit a copy of the APE to the competent regional office.
The onsite inspection on the property is mandatory.
How much does a Certificato di Prestazione Energetica (APE) cost?
The cost of an Energy Performance Certificate, as for other professional services, is not subject to minimum taxations. The price of a Certificato di Prestazione Energetica (APE) for an apartment varies on average between € 150 and € 250 depending on the location and the characteristics of the property unit. For bigger properties such as villas, townhouses, shops, offices, etc. the cost is higher.
Why drafting an Energy Performance Certificate (APE) ?
The APE is, as mentioned above, statutory as per the Italian law. Its main purposes are:
1. evaluating the economic convenience of buying and renting a property in relation to energy consumption;
2. recommending effective energy requalification works.
Although, it may seem like a mere bureaucratic process for existing constructions, the Certificato di Prestazione Energetica (APE) is a document that will bring significant advantages in the coming years. More specifically:
• properties having a low energy consumption will have a higher value at the time of sale or rent;
• there will be incentives for the construction of high energy performance buildings and energy renovations with evident improvements as for the level of pollution from CO2 carbon dioxide
The tips for getting good service (and avoiding scams) are:
- Request more estimates by assessing the reliability of the certificatore energetico;
- Make sure that the estimate includes VAT, shipping costs, expenses and other additional costs;
- Be wary of excessively low prices;
- Be wary of those who do not carry out the mandatory inspection;
- Be wary of intermediaries who offer their own expert at an excessive price.
However, if you have any questions about this topic, or if you need support or help with the legalities of Italian property transactions, we would always advise that you seek independent legal advice