What is an Italian EPC (Attestato di Prestazione Energetica) ?
An Italian EPC (Attestato di Prestazione Energetica or APE) describes the energy characteristics of a property.
In Italy an APE is mandatory in order to sell or let a property.
When is an APE mandatory?
An APE is a legal requirement that came into effect on 1st July 2009 for property sales and 1st July 2010 for property lets.
Since January 2012, real estate advertisements must include a property’s energy performance index (value in kWh / sqm per annum).
In most cases, an APE is valid for 10 years. In order to maintain the validity of the Attestato di Prestazione Energetica, property owners must have their boilers serviced in accordance with requirements of the Italian law.
How do you get an Attestato di Prestazione Energetica?
An APE can only be issued by a qualified professional called a, “certificatore energetico”. Italian Regional administrations are responsible for training and accrediting technicians according to their own regulations.
At the time of writing, about half of the Italian Regions have yet to adopt their own regulations. Where a Region hasn’t implemented its own regulations, national law (Legislative Decree 192/05) applies.
The certificatore energetico is a technical expert with specific skills in the field of building and systems energy efficiency. For example, an architect, an engineer or a surveyor.
How is an APE issued?
An onsite inspection of the property is mandatory.
The certificatore energetico uses software to assess the characteristics of the property. This includes input about structural aspects of the building, walls and frames – both doors and windows. The inspection also takes into consideration the efficiency of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, hot water and energy production systems such as photovoltaic panels.
Based on all the input, the software calculates the property’s level of energy efficiency and the certificatore energetico issues the APE. In addition, the certificatore energetico submits a copy of the APE to the competent Regional authority.
You should keep your APE with your boiler manual and, when you sell or let your property, provide it to the new owners or tenants.
If you are buying a property in Italy, you should request its APE well before you sign a deed of sale.
How much does an APE cost?
There is no set fee. Costs depend on the location and the characteristics of the property. As a guideline, the price of an APE for an apartment varies on average between € 150 and € 250. For bigger properties such as villas, townhouses, shops and offices, the cost is higher.
Why do you need an Attestato di Prestazione Energetica?
As previously mentioned an APE is a statutory requirement.
Its main purpose is to evaluate the financial implications of energy consumption when buying or renting a property. An APE also provides recommendations to reduce energy consumption and costs.
Although, it may seem like just another bureaucratic process, the APE is a document that can help with marketability. Properties with lower energy consumption are more sought after when it comes to selling or letting them.
In addition, the Italian government offers green incentives for energy efficient new build constructions and renovations to existing properties that improve energy efficiency. For renovation-related incentives, you can use before and after APEs to prove that you have improved energy efficiency.
Avoid Attestato di Prestazione Energetica scams!
There have been a number of scams associated with APE issuance. Our advice is to make sure you check that your certificatore energetico has been accredited by your Region. Compare estimates in your area. Make sure that the estimate includes VAT, postal costs, expenses and any other additional costs. Be wary of excessively low prices or anyone who tells you that you don’t need an onsite inspection. And watch out for intermediaries who offer their own expert at an excessive price.
An APE is also useful when obtaining a Certificate of Habitability for a property.
If you have any questions about an Attesto di Prestazione Energetica, or if you need support or help with getting an APE, we would always advise that you seek independent legal advice.
You may also be interested in What is an italian Energy Performance Certificate?
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