Italian Budget Law 2023
The Italian Senate approved Italian Budget Law 2023 on 29th December, 2022. The Budget Law came into effect on 1st January, 2023.
In this article, we outline the main budget and bonus measures pertaining to Italian property.
Superbonus: anti-seismic renovations and energy efficiency improvements
During the COVID pandemic in 2020, the Italian government launched its Decreto Rilancio. This decree introduced the Superbonus 110%. It aimed to kick-start the Italian economy by incentivising property owners, tenants, those with usufruct or comodato d’uso to carry out anti-seismic renovations and energy efficiency improvements on Italian properties. Examples of work that qualify for the Superbonus include installation of photovoltaic systems and electric vehicle charging stations inside a property.
Qualifying renovation work attracts a tax credit of up to 110% of installation expenses. You can offset this tax credit against your tax liability in 5 equal instalments, or pass on the costs to the contractor or, alternatively, you can sell the costs to a financial institution.
Legislative Decree Aiuti quater, which will soon become law, reduces the Superbonus for 2023 from 110% to 90% and extends the possibility of applying the discount to invoices or assigning the tax credit – in 10 instalments instead of 5.
In addition, the Legislative Decree Aiuti quater also sees the Superbonus continuing into 2024 and 2025. However, tax credits will decrease from 90% to 75% for 2024 and then to 65% in 2025.
That said, Italian Budget Law 2023 grants the possibility to remain at the full 110% version of the Superbonus for condominiums which submitted a CILA (Comunicazione di Inizio Asseverata) before 31st December 2022. The full 110% Superbonus also remains available for single-family properties provided at least 30% of renovation work was completed by 30th September, 2022 and that all work is finished by 31st March 2023.
Green Home Bonus for New Property Purchases from Builders
Italian Budget Law 2023 provides for a deduction of 50% on VAT for purchases of energy-efficient homes (Class A and B).
Purchases must be made by Dec. 31, 2023 – directly from the builder.
Italian Budget Law 2023. First Time Buyer Bonus
All deeds of sale signed in 2023 for first homes purchased by those aged under 36 can benefit from tax relief.
– Those property purchases not subject to VAT, are exempt from registration, mortgage and land registry taxes.
– For property purchases subject to VAT, in addition to exemptions from registration, mortgage and land registry taxes, a tax credit of the amount equal to VAT paid to the vendor is also available.
Mortgage Rate Switches
Italian Budget Law 2023 reintroduces a measure relating to mortgages. This allows people to switch from a variable to fixed rate mortgage. This is particularly relevant given current increases in interest rates.
This facility also extends to the previously mentioned first time buyers under the age of 36.
Furniture Bonus for Property Renovations
Italian Budget Law 2023 sees an extension to the furniture bonus. This provides a 50% deduction on purchases of furniture and household appliances, provided purchases are in the context of a general renovation of a property.
The minimum expenditure for furniture and appliances in order to claim the bonus is €8,000. To qualify, the furniture must be new, not second hand. Furniture that qualifies for relief includes cabinets, chests of drawers, desks, bookcases, chairs, sofas, armchairs. However, curtains, doors and any flooring work are excluded.
The bonus is also available for the purchase of appliances such as refrigerators, freezers, washing machines, electric heating appliances, etc., provided the appliances meet basic energy-saving requirements. Class A for ovens, Class E for washing machines, dryers and dishwashers, Class F for refrigerators and freezers.
Architectural Barriers – Accessibility And Mobility Bonus
Italian Budget Law 2023 also confirms the extension of the accessibility bonus until 2025. This measure consists of a 75% tax deduction for work to remove obstacles to mobility. The bonus is applicable for any work that makes a property accessible and usable to people with disabilities or reduced mobility. All eligible work must be documented. You can choose to offset this tax credit against your tax liability in 5 equal instalments, or, alternatively, you can sell the costs to a financial institution.
Italian Budget Law 2023. IMU Exemptions 2023
The Single Municipal Tax (IMU – Imposta Municipale Unica) is a compulsory tax on Italian property. The 2023 Budget Law continues to exempt properties used as primary residences from IMU, provided they are classed as NON-luxury in the land registry category. That is, properties other than those in categories A/1, A/8 and A/9. Also exempted are their outbuildings, up to a maximum of three, each belonging to cadastral category C/2, C/6 and C/7.
As of January 1st 2023, properties that are squatted are exempt from paying IMU. This exemption is only valid for the months of the year in which the building is squatted, and the exemption is not automatic. You must first make a report to the competent judicial authority, following which, you can make an application for exemption to the municipality in which the squatted property is located.
Simplified tax liabilty settlements and waivers
The Italian Budget Law 2023 introduces a simplified settlement on tax demands, assessment notices and pending tax disputes. It also provides for a so-called ‘special’ regularisation for formal breaches and other irregularities concerning certain tax periods.
In addition, Italian Budget Law 2023 makes provision for tax liability waivers. These write-offs are valid on amounts of up to €1,000, subject to specific conditions. Under other circumstances, there is provision for facilitated settlement of tax liabilities for certain tax periods. This aims to reduce penalty and interest payments as well as provide the taxpayer with the option to pay tax liabilities in instalments.
For over 55 years, De Tullio Law Firm has been providing international clients with independent legal advice throughout Italy. We are specialists in cross border property, inheritance and family law.
If you would like further information about Italian property and tax matters, we are here to help. For more in-depth information about anything mentioned in this article, please get in touch with us.
 The ISEE, or Indicator of Equivalent Economic Situation, is the main tool for accessing certain bonuses or subsidised social benefits. It is basically the economic “identity card” of the household, i.e., of all the people reported on the so-called “family status” who are found to be cohabiting at a given dwelling.
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