Effective from January 1, the Italian Budget Law 2024 has ushered in a number of changes to Italian property-related matters. This blog post explores the key aspects of changes, shedding light on the implications for homeowners, landlords, and the real estate market. Read the full text of the law in the Italian Gazzetta Ufficiale.
Facilitating Homeownership: Mortgage Innovations under Italian Budget Law 2024
Taking a proactive stance to enhance homeownership accessibility in Italy, the Italian Budget Law 2024 allocates EUR 282 million to bolster the First Home Guarantee Fund. The primary objective is clear: to provide robust support to family units aspiring to step onto the property ladder. Families meeting distinct criteria, such as having three or more children under 21 and meeting specified ISEE (Equivalent Economic Situation Indicator) thresholds, now enjoy prioritized access to mortgages for their first home purchases.
However, this support comes with a critical condition. The continuity of the Fund’s guarantee is contingent on Italy maintaining economic equilibrium. This condition is designed to ensure the ongoing effectiveness of financial support while deterring potential negative impacts on the stability of the fund.
Tax Shifts in Short-Term Rentals
The Italian Budget Law 2024 triggers a recalibration in tax dynamics for short-term rentals (up to 30 days). Landlords who have opted for the flat-rate tax system over progressive income tax will witness a rise in the taxation rate for short or tourist rentals from 21% to 26%, if they allocate more than one unit to short-term rentals. Conversely, the rate decreases to 21% for incomes derived from short-term rental contracts linked to a single real estate unit identified by the taxpayer in their income tax return.
Rental management intermediaries are now mandated to play an expanded role, requiring them to withhold a 21% prepaid tax on the properties they manage. Taxation on rental income will occur during income tax return filing, inline with deadlines set by the Revenue Agency. This shift in taxation underscores the government’s concerted effort to balance revenue streams while acknowledging the pivotal role of the short-term rental market in Italy
Collaboration and Enforcement: A Unified Front Against Evasion in the Italian Budget Law 2024
Emphasizing collaboration between entities, the Italian Budget Law 2024 aims to combat contributory and tax evasion in the field of domestic work. For instance, those involved in cleaning short-term rental properties. To this end, the National Social Security Institute (INPS) and the Revenue Agency will work on achieving full interoperability, exchanging and analyzing information.
The Revenue Agency will make information they acquire available to taxpayers, using it to prepare pre-filled tax returns and notify taxpayers of any discrepancies.
Superbonus Updates: What to Expect from Italian Budget Law 2024
The Italian Budget Law 2024 introduces significant restrictions for the Superbonus, marking the culmination of extensive debate and controversy.
New provisions, effective from January 1, 2024, narrow down the scope and reduce available rates. This is primarily aimed at alleviating the state’s coffers from the excessive costs of the previous 110% Superbonus measure.
In summary, the Superbonus decreases to 70% in 2024. This will further decrease to 65% in 2025 and is now exclusively applicable to condominiums.
Main Superbonus changes for 2024
- The 110% rate is only applicable to those who assigned their tax credit or the invoice discount for certified interventions by the end of December 2023.
- Lower-income households, with an ISEE lower than EUR 15,000, qualify. They must have completed 60% of interventions by December 31, 2023. Compensation from the Poverty Fund aims to cover the difference between the 70% and the previous 110% incentive.
- From January 1, 2024, the Superbonus for single-family homes no longer exists. The extension of the benefit for those who had completed at least 30% of the overall works by September 30, 2022, expired at the end of December 2023.
- Starting January 1, 2024, the Superbonus switches to a tax credit system only, applicable to 70% of the costs incurred. In case of failing to achieve a double energy efficiency improvement (e.g., from energy efficiency class E to C), the ordinary tax regime applies at 50%.
- Property owners who have availed of Superbonus 110% and subsequent associated incentives must file a cadastral declaration to rectify the property’s cadastral income. The budget law tasks the Revenue Agency with scrutinizing submissions to guarantee precise data adjustments in the land registry. Anticipate an increase in tax due to the augmented cadastral income for these properties.
Other related changes
- For the Sismabonus, more stringent controls are anticipated. This aims to reserve the tax incentive exclusively for buildings genuinely damaged by seismic events.
- The Architectural Barrier Bonus is a tax benefit related to enhancing accessibility for individuals with disabilities or the elderly. It is open to both private citizens and businesses. From January 1, tax credit transfers are available for common areas of residential condominiums. In addition, individuals with incomes below EUR 15,000 can apply for the scheme. This income limit does not apply to disabled individuals.
Italian Budget Law 2024 introduces exemptions from the municipal property tax (IMU) for properties owned by certain categories of individuals. To qualify, you must be engaged in activities providing for the well-being, care, and support of individuals or communities. It encompasses various sectors such as health, welfare, accommodation, education, culture, sports, recreation, and scientific research. Essentially, it denotes activities that contribute to the overall betterment and support of individuals and society. To qualify for IMU exemptions, these activities cannot be of a commercial nature.
Withholding Tax on Property-related Bank Transfers and Real Estate Agency Commissions
Expect a rise from 8% to 11% in withholding tax. This is applicable to recipients of deductible charges – expenses subtracted from taxable income – and those eligible for tax deductions, such as individuals who can reduce their taxable income through specified deductions. Withholding tax extensions encompass various commission categories.
Ivie and Ivafe Increases
The 2024 Budget Law sees an increase in mini-wealth taxes on real estate and financial products held abroad by Italian residents.
It includes raising the IVIE (Imposta sul Valore degli Immobili all’Estero), tax on foreign real estate from 0.76% to 1.06%, impacting properties outside the EU or EEA.
IVAFE (Imposta sul Valore delle Attività Finanziarie detenute all’Estero), tax on financial products, bank accounts, and savings held abroad by Italian residents will double from 0.2% to 0.4%. The Budget Law only impacts assets in blacklisted countries. From January 1 2024, Switzerland is no longer on the blacklist. Consequently, the taxation of financial products held there will remain unchanged.
Notably, the increase won’t affect those under the ‘regime for new tax residents,’ exempt from monitoring and taxes on foreign assets and investments.
RAI Television Licence
The Italian Budget Law 2024 decreases the RAI television licence fee, from EUR 90.00 to EUR 70.00 per year.
Understanding and adapting to the changes brought about by the Italian Budget Law 2024 may necessitate professional assistance. For those seeking support, the De Tullio Law Firm team, specialists in Italian and cross-border property, inheritance, and tax matters, is “right beside you”. For a free consultation on new regulations or compliance with Italian tax matters, contact us.
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