Italian Tax. Buying A House in Italy

Local property and service taxes

Italian Tax. Buying A House in ItalyThis article aims to provide an overview of rules pertaining to Italian property tax and legislation. We outline aspects of legislation and certain taxes which are part of the Italian Stability Law. These measures aim to lower tax burdens and bolster the Italian property market. 

While the government has announced the elimination of the local property and service taxes on principal residences in Italy and added the elimination of property and regional taxes on production and fixed machinery in the agricultural sector, those who own second and or holiday homes and real estate in Italy, will still pay local property and service taxes.

We recommend that you check your Italian property tax liabilities. If you need any assistance with your particular case, our legal and tax team are here to help. 

Italian Tax on Property

Currently, cadastral values of Italian properties are still much lower than market values; appraisals in use date back some years. The declared cadastral value of a property on the deed of sale (Rogito) determines the calculation (base imponibile) of Stamp Duty, Land Registry and Cadastral taxes. VAT will apply to the property purchase price if you buy a property from a developer or a renovation company within 4 years following the end of building or renovation work.

Principal residences

Other than a luxury home or castle, if you purchase an Italian property to use as your principal residence:

– from a private seller or an entity that is not VAT registered and,

– you obtain Italian residency at the property within 18 months of signing the deed of sale and,

– you subsequently spend more than 6 months a year at that address,

stamp duty is 2% of the value of the property with € 1,000 as the minimum payment due. Land registry and Cadastral Taxes are €50 each.

If you buy your Italian property from a VAT Registered company, VAT is 4% of the declared property price. Stamp Duty, Land Registry and Cadastral Taxes are €200 each.

Second homes

If you buy a second home from a private owner or a company that is not VAT registered, Stamp duty will amount to 9% of the property purchase price, with €1,000 as a minimum payment. Land Registry and Cadastral taxes are €50 each.

If you purchase a second home from a VAT registered entity, VAT is set at a standard rate of 10% (22% for properties classed as luxury homes or castles) of the purchase price, and you will pay €200 each for Stamp Duty, Land Registry and Cadastral taxes.

To summarise Italian property taxes:

Italian Capital Gains Tax

There is no Capital Gains Tax liability if you purchased the property more than 5 years prior to resale.

Finally …

Italian property and related tax is quite complex. For over 55 years, De Tullio Law Firm has been providing international clients with independent legal advice. We offer services in all the major fields of Italian law with particular expertise in real estate, inheritance and family law matters. If you would like further clarifications regarding your situation, please contact us for a free consultation. We are here to help.

Review of EU and Italian Divorce Law

Living in a cross-cultural relationship?

Review of EU and Italian Divorce LawWe often receive questions about Italian Divorce Law at our law firm. Many people nowadays are part of a cross-cultural relationship and, for the most part it is an enriching and beautiful experience. However, it can also be difficult to manage if the relationship flounders.

When it comes to separation and divorce, it is wise to speak to experts, both for emotional and legal support. Regrettably, international separations and divorces are becoming more common.

Obviously, people don’t enter in to married life thinking about where the best location for a divorce would be. However, where couples choose to divorce can have a major impact on parties’ financial health, children and many other matters. Therefore getting it right is very important. Delays in decision-making can result in devastating outcomes.

Changes to Italian divorce law

In May, 2015 Italy introduced the so-called, ‘quickie divorce’ law. This cut the amount of time it takes to get a divorce from three years to as little as six months in uncontested cases and a year in contested cases.

While the new law still retains a two-step process – separation and divorce – there are three important changes.

  1. Separazione consensuale – consensual separation. This is where both partners request a separation. The period of legal separation is now six months. Following the six-month separation, which begins once the couple has applied for separation in court, the couple may file for divorce.
  2. Separazione giudiziale – judicial separation. This is where one partner requests a divorce. It could also apply if the couple contest issues such as child custody, division of assets (including property) or alimony arrangements. Parties have to wait 12 months to file for divorce following a court application for separation. If the procedure of separation is still pending following the 12-month period, perhaps for example because parties cannot agree on financial and other aspects of the separation, each party will be entitled to file for divorce. In this case, the judge appointed to rule on the judicial separation will merge and handle the processes for separation and divorce.
  3. The new law is applicable to separation cases that are currently pending. This means those who have already filed for separation benefit from shorter divorce procedure times.

EU divorce law

The EU Divorce Law Pact or, Rome III Regulation. This aims to implement enhanced cooperation in the area of applicable law for divorce and legal separation.  Essentially, EU divorce law allows expat couples in Italy to choose either the divorce laws of Italy, or those of the country where the couple previously lived or the country of their nationality. This also applies to and mixed marriage couples, where one partner is Italian and the other is not. The decision regarding applicable country law needs to be made before divorce proceedings begin.

15 countries including Italy adopted the Rome III Regulation. Italian law and courts govern divorce procedures if a couple does not stipulate an applicable country law and are ordinarily resident in Italy. This would also apply where one partner is resident in Italy and starts proceedings here. However, one of the partners can return to their home country for six months or more and start proceedings there before Italian proceedings begin.

Matrimonial property regimes

Another aspect to consider in the choice of divorce law is matrimonial regimes. For example, English courts often split a couple’s assets 50/50. Italian courts look more closely at what belongs to whom. This is because when they get married, couples in Italy may choose between a matrimonial regime of shared ownership, comunione dei beni or separate ownership separazione dei beni of their worldly goods in the event of divorce or death.

Unless otherwise stipulated in an agreement, at the start of a marriage or at any time during a marriage, comunione dei beni is the default matrimonial regime. Italian law considers expat couples married elsewhere but resident in Italy married according to this regime. The comunione dei beni regime regards property acquired by the couple during their marriage to be jointly owned. Regardless of whether couples purchased assets individually or together if the couple divorces, assets will be split 50/50.

In 2019, two new EU regulations entered into force. These regulations determine homogeneous rules applicable to property regimes in cross border situations. In effect, these regulations determine jurisdiction and applicable law for matrimonial and registered partnership property regimes. In case of divorce, separation or the death of one of the spouses or partners, the regulations also need consideration.

Exceptions

There are however exceptions. For example, if a partner purchased property prior to the marriage this would belong solely to the partner in the event of a divorce. Likewise if a partner acquires property after the marriage as a gift or an inheritance. The choice of matrimonial regimes can therefore have an important impact on choice of applicable law in the event of separation and divorce.

Consider the case of an English couple who married in London 12 years ago. The wife inherited a significant sum of money as well as a house in Italy from her parents. Four years ago, the husband persuaded the wife that they should move to Italy to live in the property she had inherited. Then, 12 months later, the husband moved back to the UK and filed for divorce. The English court gave the husband 50% of all the couples’ assets. The Italian courts would have treated the inherited assets as belonging solely to the wife.

Finally …

Each case is different. We recognise that so many issues need consideration and decisions need to be made at what is a very stressful time. Which applicable law to choose requires careful consideration. An experienced lawyer familiar with cross-border divorce law and the complexities which make these divorces so difficult will be able to guide you. If you need assistance, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We are here to help.

 

How Can An Italian inheritance Solicitor Help You?

Italian inheritance is complex. Get the right advice

If you are the beneficiary of assets in Italy, and you have decided to accept your Italian inheritance, it is a good idea to use a specialist Italian Inheritance solicitor to support you through the probate process. The Italian inheritance process can be complex so, obtaining the right legal advice and having the right lawyer on your side will be massively beneficial in terms of time and expense. Even more so, if you are not resident in Italy.

Why engage the services of an Italian inheritance lawyer?

Italian inheritance solicitor

A specialist Italian Inheritance lawyer will act on your behalf – and in your interests to protect your inheritance. This means that you can be certain of having a calm, rational, professional and trustworthy presence in Italy. You will also receive sound advice for all the issues that arise in your case throughout the inheritance process.

The Italian probate procedure is not always straightforward. It can be frustrating and time-consuming. A specialist Italian Inheritance lawyer will be able to guide you through all the legal and tax issues.

You may need to prove legal entitlement to your Italian inheritance. Your solicitor will be able to help you gather all the necessary paperwork to evidence your rights.

Although most inheritance cases go uncontested, some cases do end up in court. Where claims arise, it is wise to settle out of court. This helps to reduce the cost. However, if your case does end up in court, having an attorney on your side can be enormously advantageous. In fact, having your own attorney will help ensure that all of your documents are in order, strengthen your legal position and add knowledge to your case.

Finally …

Because the loss of a loved one makes families feel fragile and emotionally vulnerable, dealing with inheritance issues on top of loss can feel very stressful. Having a solicitor with legal expertise in Italian inheritance matters will help relieve some of that strain.

We have produced a comprehensive Guide to Italian Inheritance. It contains legal advice about the Italian Inheritance process, which we hope you will find useful.

If you would like to consult an Italian inheritance lawyer about your case, please contact us.

You may also be interested in How to write a Will

Inheritance Law in Italy

Italian Inheritance Law – An Overview

Property Inheritance Laws in ItalyInheritance law in Italy follows the Roman Law principle. This means it provides some protection to close members of the family. This therefore, partially limits the right of the testator to dispose of assets.

Testamentary Succession consists of the assignment of hereditary assets in compliance with the wishes of the testator as set out in an Italian Will. In the absence of a Will, inheritance devolves following the principles of Legal Succession.

The rights of heirs in Italian inheritance law

Where there is no Will, succession law gives rights to a number of legitimate heirs to the assets of the deceased. These heirs are the spouse of the deceased and relatives that the law identifies as starting from closest kin to those up to a 6th degree of connection.

Inheritance law in Italy reserves a significant quota of an inheritance to very close relatives. The deceased’s spouse, registered partner, ascendants and descendants are all known as, “forced heirs”. This means that the testator cannot exclude them even if there is a Will. When drafting an Italian will, the testator is only able to dispose of a part of his assets. The testator can assign this, “disposable quota” to non-relatives.

The basis of Italian inheritance law is unity of inheritance. This distinguishes between moveable and non-moveable assets.

To clarify, the law of the country of last domicile deals with any movable assets. Movable assets could, for instance be furniture, cars, jewellery, works of art, bank and post office current accounts, money, investments such as shares, bonds, trust and managed funds.

On the other hand, the law of the country where an immovable asset is located applies. Examples of immovable assets include houses, shops, buildings, agricultural or building land.

Therefore, the law of the country where a property is located will apply, unless in accordance with EU Regulations, a choice of country law is stipulated in a will.

The Italian succession procedure formally ends when all assets, rights and pending payments have been transferred to the rightful heirs either by mutual agreement or as consequence of judicial proceedings.

Finally …

For more in depth information about Italian succession, you might find our Succession Guide useful. If you would like to discuss a case, you can reach us here for a free consultation.

The American Chamber of Commerce in Italy. Puglia Chapter

The American Chamber of Commerce in Italy 

American Chamber of Commerce in Italy. Puglia Chapter

Left to right: Mary Avery, U.S. Consul General Naples. Giandomenico De Tullio, AmCham Regional Representative Puglia. Todd Avery, Minister Counselor for Commercial Affairs.

The American Chamber of Commerce in Italy (AmCham) is a private, not-for-profit organisation. It aims to develop and promote economic and cultural relations between the United States and Italy.

In addition to his role at De Tullio Law Firm, Managing Partner Giandomenico De Tullio is a regional representative for Puglia at AmCham.

 

Puglia – a dynamic region

“Puglia has one of the most intense economies of Italy and dynamic industrial production. It includes strategic companies which now form an integral part of the national system. And, in many cases, groups of international importance. As proof of the region’s competitive strength, it is enough to observe the region’s exports. In 2014, Puglia led export in the south of Italy with a +9.4% growth and it was the first region in Italy in terms of growth percentage”.

From agriculture to aerospace

Puglia is home to factories and companies belonging not only to industries traditionally associated with the region, such as agriculture but also to steel, automotive, aerospace, furniture and clothing. As to the agricultural sector, Puglia is the region with the highest Italian olive oil production levels, at 36,6%. It supplies hundreds of oil mills all over Italy. The agricultural development model of the region aims to combine competitiveness with economic and environmental sustainability”.

Clean energy

“Puglia features as the second Italian region for energy production from fossil and renewable sources. It is the main Southern Italian region for photovoltaic installations and wind power generation”.

A broad mix of SMEs and multinationals

“The cornerstone of the whole industrial system in Puglia is represented by over 80 sites of about 100 medium and large foreign and national groups. These companies employ over 40.000 direct employees. Alongside these large foreign and national groups, SMEs and artisanal enterprises permeate the whole regional economic system, producing and supplying goods to a wide variety of sectors.”

(Source: Amcham.it)

Finally …

De Tullio Law Firm provides specialist legal advice in all areas of cross border and Italian law. Our particular expertise is in cross-border residential and commercial property transactions and inheritance matters in Italy.

If you would like more information about buying property in Italy or Italian inheritance, you might find our guides useful. Or, if you would like to discuss a legal matter with us, please get in touch.

Cross border inheritance in Italy

Italian inheritance law

Cross border inheritance in ItalyMany of our clients own property at home and here in Italy. We frequently receive questions about how cross border inheritance in Italy works.

Law no. 218 of 31st May, 1995 regulates the field of Italian inheritance law in the framework of international private law.

Habitual residence of the deceased at the time of death determines the national law which governs succession.

Italian Inheritance legislation adopts the principle of “unity of inheritance”. This principle differs substantially compared to legislation in common law countries. Italian law makes a distinction between a division of movable and immovable assets. Movable assets are subject to the law of the last domicile or last residence of the decedent. Immovable assets are subject to “lex rei sitae” (law of the country where property is located).

One of the most important consequences of asset divisions is that, if a decedent’s estate includes properties located in different countries, the succession of each individual property could be regulated by the law of the country where the property is located.

Cross border deferment to the law of another country

Italian rules governing conflicts of law consider the possibility that the national law of a deceased foreigner might defer to the law of another country.

Here is a practical example. A deceased English national resident in England owned property in Italy. The law of England and Wales therefore governs succession. However, in accordance with the conflict of law of England and Wales, the law applicable to properties abroad is, “lex rei sitae (law of the country where the property is located). This means, Italian succession law governs the assets in Italy.

In 2015, the EU introduced regulations whereby a testator can elect which country law should regulate all assets. This could be the law of the country in which the testator is habitually resident or the country of the testator’s nationality. This choice of law has to be formally expressed in a Will. In addition, it must not prejudice the rights that the Italian law provides for forced heirs, “legittimari”. These are members of family, resident in Italy when the testator dies. Although it may be against the testator’s wishes, forced heirs must receive a legally determined share of the estate.

An Italian will is the best option to manage cross border inheritance in Italy

If you own assets at home as well as in Italy, it is highly advisable to draft an Italian Will for your Italian assets. In order to limit the consequences of “legal succession”, you should seek legal advice in this matter.  If a decedent died intestate, that is without a Will, Italian Inheritance law determines which relatives of the deceased have a right to inherit an estate. This will primarily be the spouse, the legitimate and natural children, and any ascendants. Where no heirs are traceable, Italian assets go to the Italian State.

Finally …

If you would like more details about Italian succession law and procedures, we have produced a comprehensive Italian Inheritance Guide, which we hope you will find helpful. If you would like to discuss a specific case, we are here to help.

Elective Residence In Italy. Frequently Asked Questions

What is a national visa for elective residence?A Guide to Italian Elective Residence Visa

Elective residence in Italy requires a national visa. This grants access to Italy for overseas nationals wishing to reside in Italy. Applicants must be able to support themselves financially, without carrying out any type of work.

Article 13 of Attachment A of the inter-ministerial Decree MAE n°850 defines the types of Italian entry visas and requirements to obtain them.

What paperwork is necessary to obtain an elective residence visa?

Foreigners wishing to obtain an elective residence visa will have to provide documentary proof that they own or rent a property in Italy. This will be where you  will be living. In addition, proof of adequate financial resources is necessary.

Successful applicants for an elective residence visa should have annual funds of at least €31,000. This equates to approximately triple the required per diem amount, on an annual basis, as estimated in Chart A. This chart is an attachment to the Ministry of Internal Affairs directive of March 1st 2000.

Annual income may derive from savings, pensions, annuities, real estate, businesses or from other sources. However, it cannot be from employment.

Who is entitled to an elective residence visa in addition to the applicant?

A cohabiting spouse or registered partner, minors and adult dependent children will receive the same visa, so long as financial means are adequate to support them. This means your total amount of annual income should include an extra 20%, if the visa is for a spouse whereas an additional 5% is necessary for each dependent child.

What level of annual finances do you need to gain elective residence in Italy?

The “minimum financial requirement” in accordance with Italian legislation is approximately €31,000 per annum. However, it is likely that authorities will assess the situation on a case by case basis.

How long is an elective residence visa valid and, can it be renewed?

An elective residence visa is valid for 1 year. Thereafter, the visa is renewable at provincial police headquarters on the condition that the previously mentioned original requirements remain unchanged.

You must apply for an elective residence visa at an Italian Consulate in your home country and convert it into a residence permit within 8 days of your arrival in Italy – as is the case for all other types of extended stay national visas.

It is not possible to renew or reinstate a residence permit if you interrupt your stay in Italy for a span longer than six months, unless you can prove that the interruption was for significant motives such as military duties.

Is any type of employment permitted with an elective residence visa?

No. This type of visa does not permit any employment activity in Italy. You must therefore be able to support yourself on an income that derives from other sources.

Is there any other type of visa for a long-term stay in Italy?

After 5 years of residence in Italy, you can request a permanent EU residence permit. This means that a holder will be able to benefit from the same terms as those of EU citizens.

Finally …

We have over 55 years of helping overseas nationals obtain Italian residence. If you need help or would like to discuss your situation, please get in touch with us.

You may also find our guide to buying property in Italy useful.

Italian inheritance lawyers. What is their role?

What are Italian inheritance lawyers?

Specialist Italian inheritance lawyers assist with the execution of Wills and the complex legal procedures relating to Italian inheritance issues.

How can Italian inheritance lawyers help?

Italian inheritance lawyers

Engaging the services of a specialist inheritance lawyer in Italy simplifies the administration of an estate. This includes gathering all the documentation relating to property, assets and/or land. It speeds up the whole inheritance process, from identification and location of beneficiaries entitled to the estate to tax payments and distribution of assets.

An Italian inheritance lawyer can help draft certified translations of documents, appoint a local notary and manage all required procedures with the relevant Italian authorities to ensure that assets are transferred to the names of the entitled beneficiaries.

Furthermore, an Italian inheritance lawyer can advise whether there are any claims or rights on assets and/or properties according to Italian Inheritance law. A lawyer can conduct searches for properties, titles, deeds and records, obtain an appraisal or a survey of a property with the support of qualified professionals to appraise the value of the deceased’s estate and determine whether there are any debts and liabilities.

Moreover, they can provide advice regarding the procedures for accepting or renouncing an inheritance and the options available to beneficiaries according to Italian law.

A lawyer will provide legal support if you need to:

– obtain a copy of a public Will;

– challenge a Will drafted in conflict with Italian legislation in the Italian Courts;

– manage the whole administration process;

– register an inherited property in the name of the heir(s) or;

– if the heir(s) choose to sell inherited properties and or assets.

Italian Inheritance fiscal and financial matters

Italian inheritance lawyers can also help determine taxation connected with an inheritance.

In effect, Italian inheritance tax applies to the entire net value of the deceased’s estate. This therefore includes both movable and immovable assets.

Immovable assets include houses, shops, buildings, agricultural or building land.

Movable assets could for example include, boats, jewellery, works of art, bank and post office current accounts, money, investments such as shares, bonds, trust funds. In addition, companies and shareholdings in companies are taxable. However, there are exceptions to this.

Basic estate tax in Italy, “Imposta sulle Successioni” equates to 8% of the estate. However, estate tax rates depend on the relationship of the beneficiary to the deceased.

Where an estate includes bank accounts connected to an inheritance case, an Italian inheritance lawyer can help release accounts.

In addition, a lawyer can ensure the correct distribution of funds to beneficiaries.

Finally …

For more detailed guidance about Italian inheritance, you might find our Guide helpful.

At De Tullio Law Firm, we have over 55 years of expertise managing cross border succession and estate planning matters. Our multilingual team is present throughout Italy. Our firm is also a full member of STEP, the world’s leading association for trust and estate practitioners.

If you would like to discuss a case with us, please contact us for a free consultation.

You may also like our inheritance video guides.

Married Couples And Registered Partners in Italy

Economic Relationships: Married Couples And Registered Partners Resident in ItalyRegime patrimoniale coniugale

This article deals with the issue of the choice of law ruling the economic relationship between foreign married couples and registered partners in Italy.

Italian law no. 218 of 1995 contains an amendment reforming international private law determining applicable law to matrimonial regimes in Italy.

Regarding the economic relationship between married couples, if they have the same nationality, the national law of the two partners is applicable.

Where spouses have two different nationalities, the law of the State where the marriage took place is applicable.

In Italy, couples may choose between two matrimonial regimes: regime of community of assets “comunità dei beni” and separation of assets “separazione dei beni”.

Couples can make a notarised agreement when they marry or at a later stage to determine which regime is applicable. However, in the absence of a choice, Italian family law provides that the community of assets regime is the default.

Italian property purchases: foreign married couples and registered partners in Italy

Non-Italian couples may make an agreement when they purchase a property in Italy – should they wish the ownership of the property to be in the name of only one spouse.

Decisions regarding matrimonial regimes can play a key role in the event of divorce or death. They can therefore have important and far-reaching consequences.

Pursuant to article 159 of the Italian Civil Code, in the absence of a notarised agreement between spouses, the default matrimonial regime will be that of community of assets.

Married couples and registered partners. Who owns what in a community of assets?

A community of assets regime means that both partners own certain assets jointly. These include:

– Purchases made ​​by the spouses together or separately during their marriage.

– Businesses opened and managed by both spouses after their marriage.

– Profits generated by a business belonging to either spouse.

Certain items of personal property are not included in the Italian community of assets regime:

– Goods belonging to each spouse prior to their marriage.

– Property acquired during the marriage through a personal gift or inheritance.

– Personal items used by spouses.

– Goods or finances obtained as compensation for damages.

A community of assets regime means a property belongs to a couple in equal parts …

Whereas, if the couple opts for a separation of assets regime, it is possible to register a property in the name of just one spouse or partner.

In order to do this, a couple can choose a separation of assets regime at the time of, or after their marriage. This means foreign nationals married elsewhere, but resident in Italy can decide, at any time during their marriage or registered partnership, to elect to have their economic relationship governed by Italian law.

If foreign married couples resident in Italy decide to regulate their economic affairs according to Italian law, they will have to do it through a written agreement in the form of a public deed in the presence of an Italian public notary.

Finally …

Before purchasing a property in Italy, it is worth considering your economic relationship. Each case depends on personal circumstances.

Buying an Italian property represents a major investment for most people. To ensure you protect your investment, you should therefore always seek independent legal advice. Why not get in touch with us to discuss your situation?

You may also be interested in Cross Border Property rules: Marriages & Partnerships

 

European Certificate of Succession

What is Brussels IV?EU Succession Regulation: European Certificate of Succession

Since August 2015, a major step to facilitate cross-border successions has been the adoption of EU Regulations which make it easier for people to handle the legal aspects of an international succession. Regulation (EU) No 650/2012, also known as, “Brussels IV”Amongst other things, Brussels IV introduces a European Certificate of Succession (ECS).

Heirs, legatees, executors of Wills and administrators of the estate can use an ECS to prove their status and exercise their rights or powers in other EU Member States.

Each EU Member State has nominated relevant authorities to issue ECS. It is valid in all EU Member States without the need for any additional procedures. The ECS is also valid in the issuing country.

How can you request a European Certificate of Succession in Italy?

To qualify for an ECS in Italy, the deceased must have been habitually resident in Italy or had Italian citizenship at the time of death.

in Italy, heirs, legatees, executors of Wills and administrators of the estate can obtain a European Certificate of Succession from an Italian notary public. Regardless of where the deceased’s assets are in Italy, you can request an ECS from any Italian notary public.

A European Certificate of Succession for Cross border inheritance

One of the key concepts of Brussels IV is that one law should apply to the entire estate administration, no matter where assets are located.

This means, for example, that if Italian law applies to an inheritance including assets held in Italy and France, Italian inheritance law would override French inheritance law. The French authorities could use an ECS to communicate what they have established. This would then allow the Italian authorities to deal with the administration of assets.

What happens if the deceased was habitually resident in a non-EU country? For instance, if the deceased lived in the UK but had assets in Italy? In this case, an Italian notary may ask you to provide an ECS from the UK. Because non-EU countries are not party to Brussels IV, this is not however an option. That said, there are acceptable alternatives. In this particular example, the preferred option would be a certificate of English law. You should ask a lawyer familiar with cross border estate administration to draft and sign the certificate.

Finally …

At De Tullio Law Firm, we have over 55 years of expertise managing cross border succession and estate planning matters throughout Italy. Our firm is also a full member of STEP, the world’s leading association for trust and estate practitioners.

Please contact us if you have any cross border inheritance questions or if would like to discuss your situation.

 

You may also be interested in Do beneficiaries have to pay taxes on inheritance?